Hormones play an important role in the body. They are important for health and also for helping one to lead a normal life. Testosterone is one such hormone and since it is responsible for male characteristics and is produced by the testes, it is also called as male hormone. While both men and women produce testosterone, the levels are higher in men and lower in women. Though it is the male hormone and its levels are important in men for the development of their body and is also helpful in maintaining their libido, it is essential to have the normal levels. While low testosterone levels can cause many health problems, high levels too are harmful. That is why it is important to maintain the normal levels.
The working of testosterone and its levels
When it comes to maintaining testosterone levels, the hypothalamus and pituitary gland are important. It is the hypothalamus that sends instructions to pituitary gland and based on these instructions, the pituitary gland can either increase or inhibit the production of testosterone. It is when the pituitary gland releases the hormone called as luteinizing hormone or LH as per the hypothalamus instruction that testes produce more testosterone. That is why, it is important to maintain normal levels of testosterone. If the levels are too low or high, it also means that the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland are not functioning well.
The levels of testosterone are highest during puberty years but as age advances, the levels can drop. Thus, the level of the hormone keeps changing from birth till old age. A male child at birth may just have 75 to 400 ng/dL (nanograms per decilitre). Till the age of 14, the levels can range up to 1200. A boy, from age of 15 to 18 years, the level can be 100 to 1200. For those who are above 19 years, the testosterone levels range from 240 to 950. In an adult male it is between 270 to 1070. In an adult female, the range is from 15 to 70.
High testosterone levels are when the levels reach 1070 in men and 70 in women. It is through a blood test, the levels of testosterone are found. Apart from age, genetics and lifestyle determine the level of the hormone. Sometimes, it may show slightly lower levels but there is no need to panic and some may not even require any treatment, just changes in lifestyle and diet can normalise the hormone levels. Visit Steroidly.com for more knowhow.
Causes and side effects of high testosterone
The main reason for abnormal levels of testosterone may be malfunctioning of hypothalamus and pituitary gland. There can be other factors as well that include deficiency in nutrients, stress, inactive lifestyle and so on.
The symptoms of high testosterone are many. A person may have abnormal sleeping cycle, either he may be unable to sleep at all or he may be falling asleep all the time. Other signs include aching muscles, hair loss, depression, mood swings, etc. There can also be an increase in the risk of heart attack if testosterone levels shoot up.